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Chapter 40 – Learning / Kalvi

Couplets / kuratpaakal

 Couplet 391
So learn that you may full and faultless learning gain,
Then in obedience meet to lessons learnt remain.

Explanation
Let a man learn thoroughly whatever he may learn, and let his conduct be worthy of his learning.

Transliteration
Karka Kasatarak Karpavai Katrapin
Nirka Adharkuth Thaka.

Couplet 392
The twain that lore of numbers and of letters give
Are eyes, the wise declare, to all on earth that live.

Explanation
Letters and numbers are the two eyes of man.

Transliteration
Ennenpa Enai Ezhuththenpa Ivvirantum
Kannenpa Vaazhum Uyirkku.

Couplet 393
Men who learning gain have eyes, men say;
Blockheads’ faces pairs of sores display.

Explanation
The learned are said to have eyes, but the unlearned have (merely) two sores in their face.

Transliteration
Kannutaiyar Enpavar Katror Mukaththirantu
Punnutaiyar Kallaa Thavar.

Couplet 394
You meet with joy, with pleasant thought you part;
Such is the learned scholar’s wonderous art.

Explanation
It is the part of the learned to give joy to those whom they meet, and on leaving, to make them think (Oh! when shall we meet them again.).

Transliteration
Uvappath Thalaikkooti Ullap Piridhal
Anaiththe Pulavar Thozhil.

Couplet 395
With soul submiss they stand, as paupers front a rich man’s face;
Yet learned men are first; th’unlearned stand in lowest place.

Explanation
The unlearned are inferior to the learned, before whom they stand begging, as the destitute before the wealthy.

Transliteration
Utaiyaarmun Illaarpol Ekkatrung Katraar
Kataiyare Kallaa Thavar.

Couplet 396
In sandy soil, when deep you delve, you reach the springs below;
The more you learn, the freer streams of wisdom flow.

Explanation
Water will flow from a well in the sand in proportion to the depth to which it is dug, and knowledge will flow from a man in proportion to his learning.

Transliteration
Thottanaith Thoorum Manarkeni Maandharkkuk
Katranaith Thoorum Arivu.

Couplet 397
The learned make each land their own, in every city find a home;
Who, till they die; learn nought, along what weary ways they roam.

Explanation
How is it that any one can remain without learning, even to his death, when (to the learned man) every country is his own (country), and every town his own (town) ?.

Transliteration
Yaadhaanum Naataamaal Ooraamaal Ennoruvan
Saandhunaiyung Kallaadha Vaaru.

Couplet 398
The man who store of learning gains,
In one, through seven worlds, bliss attains.

Explanation
The learning, which a man has acquired in one birth, will yield him pleasure during seven births.

Transliteration
Orumaikkan Thaan Katra Kalvi Oruvarku
Ezhumaiyum Emaap Putaiththu.

Couplet 399
Their joy is joy of all the world, they see; thus more
The learners learn to love their cherished lore.

Explanation
The learned will long (for more learning), when they see that while it gives pleasure to themselves, the world also derives pleasure from it.

Transliteration
399 Thaamin Puruvadhu Ulakin Purak Kantu
Kaamuruvar Katrarin Thaar.

Couplet 400
Learning is excellence of wealth that none destroy;
To man nought else affords reality of joy.

Explanation
Learning is the true imperishable riches; all other things are not riches.

Transliteration
Ketil Vizhuchchelvam Kalvi Yoruvarku
Maatalla Matrai Yavai.

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