Thanjavur Periya Kovil

This temple was built between the years 1003 and 1010 by Mamannan Rajarajan, who came in the way of the Vijayalayan dynasty who built the Kadichola dynasty.  It is the apocalypse of beauty that is telling humanity how great man is.  There is no clear vision of how this historic temple was built to this day.  It is still a testament to the art, science and architecture of Tamil Nadu and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a rare treasure.

Science has developed various technologies.  The thanjavur Great Temple is a majestic work of art built over a thousand years ago in a time when science was not developed and there were no technical tools.

Foreign researchers researching the Great Temple, with the help of today’s state-of-the-art techniques and science, are still scratching their heads over the mystery of its construction, despite standing upside down and researching the anchor.  Yet they themselves come to an assumption and come to the conclusion that they would have built like this, or built like that.

The truth is that the secret of the construction of the great temple is still unknown to anyone.  The reason is the way the temple was built and the pure granite stones used for it.  While everyone thinks that granite was introduced in the 20th century, it is surprising that granite was used in this temple about 1000 years ago.

The large temple construction system is designed in the form of light bonding.  That is to say, during the construction of this temple, when each stone was bound, a threaded gap was left behind.  That is, everyone knows that adults still use rope beds in homes in rural areas today.  Surprisingly, the rope bed system is also used for the construction of the temple.

The construction of this temple is hailed as a marvel in the field of engineering.  It looks like a sack that encloses with a drawstring.  Thanjavur is a vast plain with no mountains or hills as far as the eye can see.  But the temple is built of huge stones.  The first question that comes to mind is where the stones for this temple were brought from.  The second is how they came up with it.

During the journey we would have seen men sweating before pulling out the small wheelbarrow.  How is this possible.  The mind is afraid to imagine.  Some data is available by searching for studies of bringing and adding stones.  It is said that there was a hill called Maamalai (massive hill) near Trichy and that the hill was completely cut down and brought by elephants.  If humans sets their minds to something , even a massive hill looks like a mustard seed in their eyes.

The body shudders as soon as we enter the temple in the grandeur of creation. They carve beautiful and intricate carvings on the stone as they do on gold jewellery. Great human labor and the thinking power of the artists have made this possible.

The height of the “ Shivalingam”  in this temple is 12 feet.

 The height of the Shivalinga pedestal is 18 feet.  Tamil Consonants18.

 The height of the tower of the temple is 216 feet.  Tamil Vowels 216.

 The distance between Shivalingam and Nandi is 247 feet.  Total characters in Tamil language247.

 It is set as an expression of the vegetarian assimilation of the importance of language in the spread of the devotional movement.  Thanjavur Big Temple Nandi is 12 feet high.  Length 20 feet.  Thanjavur Nandi’s work and artistic beauty are unique.  This Nandi is a single stone Nandi brought from the green hills of Perambalur district.

Mayan is hailed as the father of Tamil architecture, sculpture, painting, astronomy and woodcarving.  Thanjavur is said to be the largest temple before the Mayan pyramids.  The lingam is set in the sanctum sanctorum surrounded by two walls of black stone.  The width of the inner wall is 11 feet.  The width of the outer wall is 13 feet.  The distance between these two walls is 6 feet.  The paintings of the Cholas are wonderfully painted on these walls.  If knowing the energy of these two walls, you will tremble.  Both walls support the entire load of the aircraft, which is 216 feet high and is made of black stone.

The depth of such a huge temple tower is only 10 feet.  Many people call it the Great Temple Tower of thanjavur .  But architects says that this is not a tower, but a plane and a tower lies in front of the temple.

The thanjavur Big Temple Flight is the highest flight in South India.  Researchers say that this is the tallest building in the world at the time it was built.  Is it not a masterpiece that proclaims to the world the superiority of the labor of the Tamils ​​for a thousand years?

Analysts say that the construction of the Egyptian pyramids bears a striking resemblance to that of thanjavur and the Cholapura temples of the Ganges.  Both are built with stacked and stacked selected stones.  These two temples has been designed in a way that the planet’s radiation concentrates and falls in the core, so that no damage is caused by earthquakes.

How the Ellora Caves (AD 700) were built under a large mountain;  Similarly, the thanjavur Great Temple Plane (AD 1000) carved a large hill into the shape of a tower, and the sculptures were meticulously carved into the plane.

The sanctuary is built on a very precise square with four sides and a slight crease.  Similarly if you hold the thread in the center of the Shivalingam and carry it to the top of the tower it will be in the exact center of the tower.  The temple was built entirely of stone without the use of materials such as wood, iron or kaarai.

 Beyond all of this is the interior of the tower plane, which looks like an intruder holding a tamper.  The temple is intricately built of stone and is intricately built. In one of the upper chambers inside the airport tower, there are 108 carvings of Bharata Natya.

The highlight of this temple is that the shadow of the tower in this temple does not fall down at noon.  As well as the urn-shaped roof stone placed at the top of the tower is a great miracle that it was made of a single stone weighing about 80 tons.  More than that,  it is amazing how it was taken so high.

The opinion of the temple architect and researcher Perunthachan Tennan Meimman in this regard is significant.

“We studied the design of the big temple and its floor a few years ago, in which it seems that the foundation of the temple may have been made of a traditional river sand bed, which means that the load should be twice as low as the stone temple on the ground.

Accordingly, the rudder rock, which was naturally there, was cut into a tank, filled with coarse sand, and the temple was built on it.  Ebony tank, to help keep the sand intact.  At the same time, sand is naturally volatile.  The structure of the surface does not move due to the flexibility of the sand during unexpected movements of the earth’s crust.  That is, the temple will not be affected by the earthquake.

Upon completion of the entire construction, the overall construction of the large temple will be strengthened by placing a huge 80-ton square stone, Nandi, and a plane weighing 240 tons on top of the sanctuary.  This is how our Tamils ​​of that day carried the foundation of the big temple to the top of the entire sanctum sanctorum.  Up to this point, no matter how many earthquakes tried to shake them, all they did was kneel down and worship before the construction of the big temple.  The scientific surprise was that not even a trumpet could be shaken.

The weight of a cubic foot stone of the thanjavur Great Temple is 70 kg.  The weight of the temple is approximately one lakh tons.  By comparison it seems that the foundation must have been filled with about a million cubic feet of coarse sand.  This allows the sand foundation to balance itself during the movement of the earth’s crust.

By nature, sand foundations are ideal for granite structures.  That is why most marine constructions feature black stones and river sand.  When a deep well was dug inside the temple in 2010, there was no noise because the foundation was sand.  There was no soil or rock particle in the sand that came out.  The clay came out only after digging below a depth of 350 feet.

This sand is not the sand for the Thanjavur estuary.  Located in the Thanjavur region, the sand dunes of the plain Cauvery River.  But, found at the bottom of the temple, three times larger sand than that.  It is sand that flows in the mountains and steps in the forests.  The sand may have been brought from the wilds of the Western Ghats, “said Perunthachan Tennan Meimman.

The shadow of the tower falls on the ground behind the tower in the morning and on the front of the tower in the evening.  Being tall is not the only stone at 80 tons.  It is a delicate work that holds many stones together.  It’s just like the orange fruit sticking together.

The soil will be sloping around as high as the height of the big temple.  It is said to have carried boulders on sloping areas like its mountain.

Two drains have been set up to prevent rainwater harvesting from damaging the temple.  There are drainage channels on the north side and one on the south side.  This is the first rainwater harvesting project.





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