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Virtue


Thirukkural Introduction

Thirukkural Thirukkural was written by Thiruvalluvar also known as Poiyaamozhilpulavar & Theivappulavar. It has a total of 133 Chapters. There […]...
 
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Chapter 1 – The Praise of God / Katavul Vaazhththu

Couplets / kuratpaakal A, as its first of letters, every speech maintains; The ‘Primal Deity’ is first through all the world’s […]...
 
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Chapter 2: The Blessing of Rain / Vaansirappu

Couplets / kuratpaakal 11. The world its course maintains through life that rain unfailing gives; Thus rain is known the true […]...
 
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Chapter 3: The Greatness of Ascetics / Neeththaar Perumai

Couplets / kuratpaakal 21.   The settled rule of every code requires, as highest good, Their greatness who, renouncing all, true to […]...
 
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Chapter 4 –  Assertion of the Strength of Virtue / Aran Valiyuruththal

Couplets / kuratpaakal It yields distinction, yields prosperity; what gain Greater than virtue can a living man obtain. Explanation Virtue will […]...
 
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Domestic Life / Ilvaazhkkai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 41 The men of household virtue, firm in way of good, sustain The other orders three that […]...
 
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Chapter 6 – The Worth of a Wife / Vaazhkkaith Thunainalam

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 51 As doth the house beseem, she shows her wifely dignity; As doth her husband’s wealth befit, […]...
 
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Chapter 7 – The Wealth of Children / Pudhalvaraip Perudhal

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 61 Of all that men acquire, we know not any greater gain, Than that which by the […]...
 
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Chapter 8 – The Possession of Love / Anputaimai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 71 And is there bar that can even love restrain? The tiny tear shall make the lover’s […]...
 
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Chapter 9 – Hospitality / Virundhompal

Couplet 81 All household cares and course of daily life have this in view Guests to receive with courtesy, and […]...
 
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Chapter 10 – The Utterance of Pleasant Words / Iniyavaikooral

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 91 Pleasant words are words with all pervading love that burn; Words from his guileless mouth who […]...
 
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Chapter 11 – Gratitude / Seynnandri Aridhal

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 101 Assistance given by those who ne’er received our aid, Is debt by gift of heaven and […]...
 
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Chapter 12 – Impartiality / Natuvu Nilaimai

Couplets / kuratpaakal  Couplet 111 If justice, failing not, its quality maintain, Giving to each his due, -’tis man’s one highest […]...
 
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Chapter 13 – The Possession of Self-restraint / Atakkamutaimai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 121 Control of self does man conduct to bliss th’ immortals share; Indulgence leads to deepest night, […]...
 
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Chapter 14-The Possession of Decorum / Ozhukkamutaimai

Couplets / kuratpaakal  Couplet 131 ‘Decorum’ gives especial excellence; with greater care ‘Decorum’ should men guard than life, which all men […]...
 
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Chapter 15 – Not coveting another’s Wife / Piranil Vizhaiyaamai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 141 Who laws of virtue and possession’s rights have known, Indulge no foolish love of her by […]...
 
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Chapter 16 – The Possession of Patience, Forbearance / Poraiyutaimai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 151 As earth bears up the men who delve into her breast, To bear with scornful men […]...
 
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Chapter 17 – Not Envying / Azhukkaaraamai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 161 As ‘strict decorum’s’ laws, that all men bind, Let each regard unenvying grace of mind. Explanation […]...
 
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Chapter 18 / Not Coveting / Veqkaamai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 171 With soul unjust to covet others’ well-earned store, Brings ruin to the home, to evil opens […]...
 
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Chapter 19 Not Backbiting / Purangooraamai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 181 Though virtuous words his lips speak not, and all his deeds are ill If neighbour he […]...
 
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Chapter 20 –  Against Vain Speaking / Payanila Sollaamai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 191 Words without sense, while chafe the wise, Who babbles, him will all despise. Explanation He who […]...
 
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Chapter 21 – Dread of Evil Deeds

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 201 With sinful act men cease to feel the dread of ill within, The excellent will dread […]...
 
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Chapter 22 – Duty to Society / Oppuravaridhal

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 211 Duty demands no recompense; to clouds of heaven, By men on earth, what answering gift is […]...
 
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Chapter 23 – Giving / Eekai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 221 Call that a gift to needy men thou dost dispense, All else is void of good, […]...
 
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Chapter 24 – Renown / Pukazh

Couplet 231 See that thy life the praise of generous gifts obtain; Save this for living man exists no real […]...
 
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Chapter 25 – Compassion / Arulutaimai

Couplet 241 Wealth ‘mid wealth is wealth ‘kindliness’; Wealth of goods the vilest too possess. Explanation The wealth of kindness […]...
 
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Chapter 26 – Abstinence from Flesh

Pulaanmaruththal Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 251 How can the wont of ‘kindly grace’ to him be known, Who other creatures’ flesh […]...
 
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Chapter 27 – Penance / Thavam

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 261 To bear due penitential pains, while no offence He causes others, is the type of ‘penitence’. […]...
 
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Chapter 28 – Imposture / Kootaavozhukkam

Couplet 271 Who with deceitful mind in false way walks of covert sin, The five-fold elements his frame composes, decide […]...
 
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Chapter 29 – The Absence of Fraud / Kallaamai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 281 Who seeks heaven’s joys, from impious levity secure, Let him from every fraud preserve his spirit […]...
 
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Chapter 30 – Veracity / Vaaimai

Couplet 291 You ask, in lips of men what ‘truth’ may be; ‘Tis speech from every taint of evil free. […]...
 
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Chapter 31 – Restraining Anger / Vekulaama

Couplets / kuratpaakal குறள் : #301 #302 #303 #304 #305 #306 #307 #308 #309 #310 Couplet 301 Where thou hast power thy angry will to work, thy wrath restrains; Where power […]...
 
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Chapter 32 – Not doing Evil / Innaaseyyaamai

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 311 Though ill to neighbour wrought should glorious pride of wealth secure, No ill to do is […]...
 
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Chapter 33 – Not killing / Kollaamai

Couplet 321 What is the work of virtue? ‘Not to kill’; For ‘killing’ leads to every work of ill. Explanation […]...
 
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Chapter 34 – Instability / Nilaiyaamai

Couplet 331 Lowest and meanest lore, that bids men trust secure, In things that pass away, as things that shall […]...
 
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Chapter 35 –  Renunciation / Thuravu

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 341 From whatever, aye, whatever, man gets free, From what, aye, from that, no more of pain […]...
 
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Couplets / kuratpaakal

Couplet 351 Of things, devoid of truth as real things men deem; – Cause of degraded birth the fond delusive […]...
 
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Chapter 37 – Curbing of Desire / Avaavaruththal

Couplets / kuratpaakal Couplet 361 The wise declare, through all the days, to every living thing That ceaseless round of birth […]...
 
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Chapter 38 – Fate / Oozh

Couplet 371 Wealth-giving fate power of unflinching effort brings; From fate that takes away idle remissness springs. Explanation Perseverance comes […]...
 
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